Metalsmithing is a field defined by objects - functional objects, ritual objects, domestic objects, objects for adornment. These objects share a commonality of materials and process. They share as well the fact that their design is derived from their utility, and their utility serves the needs of the human body. These fundamental characteristics are what initially drew me to the field. I had an immediate response to the materials; the visual richness of silver and gold, the surprising tactile sense of a hard material whose surface can feel soft and flowing. Looking beyond their inherent preciousness, I found a history of the field that is rich in ritual and commemorative objects. What I found most interesting was the relationship of these objects to the body and that this aspect made them powerful. It is here, in this history of material and object, that my creative activity is rooted.

My interest in symbolic functional objects began in graduate school where I was afforded the opportunity, through the efforts of my mentor and major professor Alma Eikerman, to study and research in the non-public collections of Scythian gold housed in the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad. Viewing these objects from a world so distant in both chronology and culture
impressed me not only with the fineness with which they were crafted, but more significantly in that they engendered meaning beyond their prescribed function to reflect culture through narrative and symbol. It is this notion that piqued my interest and has since formed the basis for my creative research. Reflecting on our present culture of meaningless, disposable, mass-produced objects, I strive to make works that seek to reconnect the viewer/user with the interrelationship of our physical and spiritual planes. Fundamental to this work are the concepts that the body is central to experience and that there exists in an object a point where meaning and function converge.

Development of these concepts grew from in-depth research into objects used for ritual and commemoration, and the cultures that produced them. What I found most interesting was that these objects - across cultures, locations and time - pointed to an essential enthusiasm for the human body as a means of spiritual access. Examples of such objects most significant to my work are the Tibetan Buddhist skull cup and the Christian communion cup. Each has its origins in the ancient blood rituals, fertility rites and human sacrifice of the earliest hunter cultures. These rites existed in order to complete the mutual exchange of life force between male and female, between humans and other species, between humans and deities. These rituals evolved into a symbolic form of cannibalism in which metaphors of tasting, eating and drinking are central images for the union with the spiritual.

From this I began to contemplate the implications of use for my own work - the significance of pouring, the transference of a liquid, bringing food into the mouth, accessing the interior of the body. These acts of use, I felt, could reinforce notions of gnosis in a work. An ancient religious term, gnosis is defined as experience that transforms, but by definition cannot be explained.
The expanding body of work that forms my creative research is an exploration of functional objects and their ability to carry metaphoric meaning. The symbolic potential of these objects is constructed through visual elements that juxtapose the sacred and the sexual. Through associations formed out of this juxtaposition, coupled with the functional aspect of an object, I seek to investigate and represent the idea of fulfillment through spiritual union. In a piece entitled "Eden of Eros," a pair of vessels serve as the means to explore the concept of Eros. The dualities found in Eros - male/female, life/death, growth/decay - are illustrated through symbolic visual elements: a broken column, long a symbol of death; the serpent, signifying rebirth and renewal as well as temptation; a scallop shell, referencing the birth of Venus and female sexual awakening. The cups, which rest above these elements making the stem, take the form of male and female torsos. Visually these cups represent solutions; drinking from them, however, is all about possibility: the possibility to accept the substitute, to make the mystical identification of one substance with another, to engage the possibility of union.

More recently, I have begun to explore the heart and the many implicit meanings it has as a functional vessel. Removed from the body, the heart is at the same time both container and content. It extends beyond the symbolic as it becomes both metaphor and metonym. In using the heart in my work as a vessel form, my intent is to continue the close association between body and object functions, thus developing a syntax that signifies interchange, transformation and desire. A recent piece "Mystic Interchange" addresses these concerns. These notions of union through interchange, transformation and desire are brought forward in the work through the tension found in the visual imagery, which is intended to suggest the oscillation between physical and spiritual planes. Not unlike the Eastern concept of bindu, an extensionless point from which there is an endless rhythmic expansion and contraction of the energy vibrations that form the cosmos, I also sought to express that moment of in-between, that moment where one is straddling the plane of transformation, where one is acutely aware of both sides and where at this point one is simultaneously both and neither.


 "Double Necked Vase"
6" x 4" x 3"
Sterling, acrylic, lacquers


 "Loving Cup"
12" x 9" x 6"
nickle, sterling parcel gilt

For Further Information Contact

Lin Stanionis
1929 Massachusetts Street
Lawrence, KS 66046

Photo credit: Jon Blumb